Mar. Res. 2023/12
Vol.3. Iss.2 :49-60
Using the IPO Model to Develop a Competency Standard for Remotely Operated Vehicle Supervisors

Pei-Chi Chang 1*, Fu-Man Hsieh 2 and Chian-Chi Huang 3
1Planning and Training Center, National Academy of Marine Research, Taiwan
2Department of Business Administration, Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages, Taiwan
3Department of Human Resource Development, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Abstract: Operations in the marine environment can be challenging. To mitigate potential hazards, substituting manual labor with a remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) has progressively emerged as a prevailing trend in maritime operations. ROVs have applications in marine industry sectors such as underwater search and surveys, marine ecological investigations, vessel inspections, underwater pipeline and cable installations, and other maritime engineering endeavors. Within the country, there have been extensive research efforts spanning several years dedicated to the technical development of ROVs. However, more attention should be given to the issue of cultivating the required human capital. Skilled professionals form the bedrock of any industry; therefore, it is imperative to address the industry's talent demands by establishing systematic frameworks. Consequently, this study focuses primarily on the establishment of the talent specifications required for the operation of ROVs in the marine environment.
This study is based on the IPO competency development model. It employs analysis methods such as interviews, secondary data analysis, and expert focus group discussions to study the competency analysis of supervisors engaged in ROV operations. Ultimately, it developed a set of competency standards for ROV supervisors. The competency standard includes fundamental occupational information, job content, and competency aspects. It outlines four primary job responsibilities, six work tasks, four work outcomes, 21 behavioral indicators, 16 knowledge items, 19 skills, and seven attitudes. This competency framework can act as a starting point for firms looking to hire the right people. Additionally, it can serve as a foundation for creating competency-based courses tailored to educational institutions or training organizations for the instruction of specialized professionals.

Keywords:  Remote operated vehicle (ROV), input-process-output model (IPO), competency, competency standard.

*Corresponding author; e-mail: pamchang@namr.gov.tw
© 2023  Marine Research , ISSN 2709-6629 

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